Author: Redazione Alimenta

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Skimmed milk? We make it with ultrasounds

Thanks to a research project made by the  Swinburne University of Technology in Australia and the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (Csiro), the ultrasound waves will be used to separate the fats in the whole milk. In other words, to make skimmed milk.

This technic will make it possible to use a system thatwas used before only in small scale, also on big amount of liquid,  so to enlarge the dairy industry. When ultrasounds propagate in a liquid containing cells, they interact producing a force of acoustic radiation. This force makes the cells moving, according to their density, along the ultrasonic wave itself. This characteristic can be exploited during the skimming process because the fat in the milk has the form of blood cell, says  Thomas Leong from the  Swinburne University of Technology: “we successfully defined the operative consitions and the limits of the technic for the separation of fats in whole milk, using the ultrasounds. Our method can be used to select specifically blood cells of fat with wished dimensions, according to the type of product from milk you want to obtain”.

Through the skimming in fact, it is possible to obtain more or less fat portions with which is possible to make different dairy products. Researchers were able, using the new technic, to separate the bigger blood cells of fat that remain in the surface from the smallest ones, which make the so-called skimmed milk. Moreover, this process brings faster and better results, compared to traditional methods based on centrifuge of milk at  55°C . Until now it hadn`t been possible to use this method on big amount of milk because the force of acustic radiation tends to weaken in long distances. The tool created by australian researchers contains two transducers that allow the reflection of the wave on it self and so the lasting of the force even when the tool is as big as it can hold two liters of milk. Next step will be working with small dairy producers to show them the results of this new technic.

[In the pic, Thomas Leong from the  Swinburne University of Technology (taken from au.linkedin.com)]

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Four israelian innovations in the dairy industry

Long before becoming the Startup Nation, Israel was known as the land of milk and honey.  Remaining proud of these praises, Israel became over the years one of the main global actor for milking. Few years ago the Isrealian Central Office for Statistics (similar to the italian ISTAT) has announced that israelian cows are the most profitable in the world. For this reason Israel became a reference point for those who want to improve their dairy production. In order to better understand the reality of the middle-eastern country as far as the dairy industry is concerned, let`s take a look to the four best innovations in the dairy sector.

The first farm using the “milkmeter” AfiMilk

Based in the  Kibbutz Afikim, this company was the first one using an electrical “milkmeter” (a tool used to monitoring data), more than 25 years ago. Since then AfiMilk develops computing systems for the management of cheese factories. These systems help the farmer to monitor the health conditions of the herd in the respect of nature.

SCRDairy – quality milk

This company developed a technology called FreeFlow, that measures the quantity of the milk flow. This technology allows producers to collect data on milk and to mantain the quality.

 Cow friendly technology – MiRobot
The startup Ilagritech developed new generation automatic milking systems. The robot MiRobot manages all the activities involved in the process, such as the cleaning and the routine after-milking activities. The system has been defined cow-friendly because the cow doesn`t suffer any damage.

No more sour milk Oplon

The society based in  Ness Ziona invented Oplon, a system which avoids that milk becomes sour. The system uses packaging materials that protect the contents. This technology helps to mantain the milk cool more than a month without using addictives. The final goal is to improve the supply chain in developping countries.

[In the picture, an image of the  AfiMilk system in a company in Vietnam (taken from www.afimilk.com)]

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Europe supports dairy industry through BEI

The European Parlament recently showed its commitment to the dairy industry. This time the occasion was a festival organised bu the European Farmers Organisation, Copa.

The main topic of the festival was the decreasing prices of milk, which won’t cover the production costs. It is, so, necessary to take actions in order to allow producers to remain in the market. The President of Copa, Mansel Raymond, said: “We are globally experiencing a difficult situation in the short term: Chine hasn’t reached its old demand levels, unexpected political happenings in Russia and a uncorrect functioning of the supply chain contribute to this instable situation for the european markets”.

On the other hand, the Parlament promise new funds for the european dairy sector. The first of a series of conferences in which news investiments opportunities were promoted, took place in Dublin. The Commissioner for Agriculture Phil Hogan, together with other delegates of the Commission and the European Investment Bank (EIB), explained that additional funds from the European Investment Bank will be available for agro-zootechnicals within the Rural Development Programs (RDP).

This means that a member State can use the Finance Instrument of the EIB in its RDP to solve a specific problem and support the achievement of fixed goal of the RDP. Within this system, loans, garanteed by the EIB, can be granted to applicants with a minimum garantee and a cut rate. This is possible because the EIB take the main part of the risk and garantees up to 80% of the granted sum.

It won’t the the final solution, but that is certainly a step made in the right direction. This sector can look at the future with a growing hope.

[Nella foto, Mansel Raymond, Presidente Copa]

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UK: the dairy industry reduces the water consumption in the productive process

The necessity to reduce the consumpotion of water ressources which are used in several industrial sector is increasing more and more worldwide. Good news in this field are coming from UK, especially concerning the dairy sector. In this industry progresses have been done regarding the use of water resources during the productive process. The last report about the subject shows how british dairy industries are becoming increasingly efficient when using water resources: they have, in fact, reduced the use of water of 13% since 2008.

The Food and Drink Manufacturing Water Use Report explains that the reduction in water consumption amount to 0,2 cubic meters for each tonne of product, which is the relation used to describe the intensity of water exploitation. The saving come mainly from the use of more efficient cleaning systems, a better recognition of leaks and the prevention of waste as well as the awareness of the employees and the arrival of new technological processes, such as the reverse osmosis.

“This is a significant outcome for dairy companies if we consider that the production had a 15% increase, compared to the period of time used as benchmark in the report”, is the comment of Judith Bryans, Chied Executive of Dairy UK. “This progress shows the interest of the dairy industry in reducing its water consumption and achiving the goals of water reduction defined in the Dairy Roadmap”, says Bryans.

 

[Foto di Guy Montag]

Coldiretti: illegal food business generates i 15,4 millions of euro

It could be called “Food Mafia”, borrowing the famous expression used for the criminal happenings in Rome: Capital Mafia. In fact, the criminal business connected to the food industry is estimated to amount to 15,4 billions. This money is, then, invested in Italy and abroad in clear, but also dirty, operations in this industry, such as big supply chains, restaurants, agritourisms and also illegal import-export activities. Other illegal activities are, i.e., the miappropriation of products of certified origin, undercover slaughter, animal exploitation and doping in horse racing, recycling: these are the favourite sectors for laundering money in this field. These activities are runned without any respect for consumers and environment. In order to have a clearer idea of the phenomenon, the president of Coldiretti Roberto Moncalvo showed new data during the international meeting “Fighting food crime – enforcing food safety” at the Auditorium of the Italian Pavilion Expo Milan 2015.

“Not only the organised crime seized the food industry and its revenues, mining competition and the legal free market, but also - says Moncalvo - it threats the quality and the safety of products and seriously damages  the image of italian products and the made in Italy label, according to the foodmafia report by Coldiretti/Eurispes”.

As we know, Italy run very severe controls in the field of food safety and hygiene, which makes this country one of the most rigorous country in the world. In order to keep and improve this attitude, Coldiretti promoted a Monitor on Food Criminality and on the food system, leaded by the magistrate Giancarlo Caselli, who is also the head of the Scientific Commitee of the Foundation “born to spread knowledge and awareness on the italian food heritage, with as goal to create a coordinated and widespread control system, aimed to reveal illegal behaviours”.

The Mafias like Cosa Nostra, Camorra and Ndrangheta manage their illegal activities everywhere, in Spain, especially in the restaurants field, in UK where the Camorra invested in pubs and restaurants. Then in Germany, where the Ndrangheta controls illegal activities in cities like Gerdern, Oberhausen and Duisburg. Even in the Est Europe, for example in Albania, which is, for geographical reasons a breeding ground for the Sacra Corona Unita. This last has a important business in the restaurants sector; in Romania, the Camorra manages illegal activities linked to agricolture and fishing, especially in the Black Sea.
“Food crime needs to be fought with transparency, especially in a sector such as the food farmin. In a difficult moment for economy we must bring into the market this net value and effect national laws and european law which oblige producers to make clear the origin of the products. However, transparency is also necessary as long as commercial flows are concerned, e.i. making clear the name of companies that import first material from abroad”, says Moncalvo.

[Photo, Roberto Moncalvo, President of Coldiretti (taken from www.economiaweb.it)]

Mom Milk Project, human milk for premature babies

In Italy premature babies are the 7% of the total, every year. Althought the number of births is decreasing, the number of premature babies is increasing steadly. For many of them (especially those who are hospitalised in Neonatal Intensive Therapy) mom milk is not available. The solution coud be the set up of human milk banks, the so called Blud. Mom milk (giveng by those mothers who have more than enough milk) is harvested, processed and conserved. Then, if necessary, the milk is given to premature babies. This is an issue not valued enough, but according to the WHO in few years every Neonatal Intensive Therapy Centre must own the appropriate instruments to handle human milk for premature children.

Mom Milk Project

In this context the project Mom Milk has been developed. It started in 2011 from the idea of a group of private enterpreneurs. The startup (for profit) proposes a new system to pasteurize human milk, with the High Temperature Short Time (HTST) method. Milk is processed at 72 degrees for 15 seconds and holds all nourishing qualities and the essential components (immunoglobulin, iron, lynphoid cells, lipase). The Padano Tech Park decided to take part in this project, took over the startup and made it a non-profit startup. The decision to launch the Mom Milk Project dates one year. Since then plants have been activated and certified again and contacts were started with the Neonatal Intensive Therapy Unit of the Mangiagalli Hospital in Milan and with the Ponte di Varese Ospital. For the future “it is necessary to reinforce the pasteurization system; update the software for the traceability of the milk, from the harvesting to the giving to babies, also to have the possibility to use it for further studies; giving a srtarter kit (heat bag, baby bottle and icecubes) for mothers who want to give their milk to the hospital”, explains Di Lemma, from the Padano Tech Park.

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Milk and cooperation in the post milk-shares era

“Milk and cooperation in the post milk-shares era in Europe” is the topic of an international conference, organized by Granarolo within the Expo 2015. This debate started from some significant data: in the last ten years the agroindustrial commerce recorded an increase worldwide of over 220%, from 527 to about 1.140 millions euro.

Especially the dairy products, using the 8% of global production of milk, have an impact of 6% within the agroindustrial sector. This trend is due to an increasing food demand, linked to the development of BRIC countries, which has had an impact of food consuming models. In the dairy sector, in the last ten years, global imports increased 214%. More in detail, taking into consideration a global value of 62 billions euro, 38% is related to cheeses, 28% to powder milk and 34% to milk, butter and buttermilk.

According to the forecasts of Rabobank, in 2020 the entire flux of global commerce will have a 25% increase. As long as cheeses are concerned, the European Union rapresents the first market globally, counting 17,5 kg a year pro person (only 3 kg in avarage globally). EU is followed by US, with 15,4 kg, 6,1 kg in Russia and 3,7 kg in Brasil: these values take in account the increasing imports of the last ten years: 210% in Russia and 1.374% in China. Moreover, according to OCSE-FAO data, within the next ten years the consumption of cheeses will have a 20% increase globally, a percentage which could reach 37% in developed countries. While the Rabobank analysis underline the fact that the global demand will keep increasing. In this scenario, cooperatives play an essential role. Their model characterize the milk market in many countries, especially the european countries.

 

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US and the mugging of Pecorino Romano Dop

Using a formula of european trademark and italian trademark, an american company got the permission to trade the sardinian and roman pecorino, and other products. This can be considered a theft of the license that took place in the registration offices and planned by the american company DiNicola. This operation, carried on in the dark of the european bureaucracy, could be a risk for the sardinian pecorino. The fact has been denounced by the deputy of Unidos, Mauro Pili. “Such an important production, that is the sardinian pecorino is stolen – says Mauro Pili – and the reason is a malfunctioning of the european trademark system. Behind the american brand Di Nicola, in fact, dairy products having the original italian label, such as Gorgonzola, Pecorino Sardo Romano, Parmesan, Asiago and Mozzarella. It is an economical disaster, because these labels are losing their exclusive rights on their productions. This is a green light for fake products”. The sardinian deputy has delivered an interrogation in order to denounce what happened in Bruxelles against the italian dop dairy products.

Pili asked the president of the Agricultural Commission to convene the delegates of the Consortium to be listened and to start legislative actions in order to protect the european label system. “We are talking about an attack on the label system waged by United States” says the deputy “the most booming market for pecorino romano. In the United States a protecting system for D.O.P. products simply doesn’t exist and the only way to gain the exclusive rights on european products is to use the entreprise labels registration system. That is what Andrea and Liborio Mugnolo has done: they registered also the Romano with the DiNicola label”. According to our researches the entreprise DiNicola doesn’t have a website and is active since 2011.

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Dairy sector, a british survey analyses 10 top trends

A report published in the english magazine  The Grocer put together ten unmissable and most recent news about the dairy industry. Topic are various: the british market, milk quota, the boom of the natural yoghurt and dairy producers from Latvia.

Higher attention for the enriched milk

According to a recent surveyby Harris Interactive, 44% of british consumers is interested in buying these products and among them, two thirds would be willing to spend more.

Low prices
In just five years, the prices of the milk and the butter decreased the 23% and 27% respectively.

The situation after the milk quote era

In the United Kingdom experts are afraid that small farmers will be forced to stop their business

New launches

Among the most evident trends in the industry are smaller packaging samples and local producers. But also a wider space for the gourmet offer of yogurt and quality cheese.

 Boom for natural yoghurt

In the last year the increasing demand of healthy products convinced this segment to boost sales of 12,4%.

The top 10 of new launches worldwide 

Acocding to the british magazine, the first place is for Camelicious, camel milk with strawberry and chocolate flavour, 100% natural and certified Halal.

First Milk, relaunch 

It is underway the corporate restructuring decided by the ceo  Mike Gallacher, who is trying to convince his partners to keep believing in the upswing of the cooperative company.

In the social media quality contents are the favourite 

Producing reliable and relevant contents is still the best strategy to appeal readers and customers.

Fornire contenuti affidabili e pertinenti resta la migliore strategia per attirare l’interesse dei clienti. Philadelphia and Activia are a good example.

Lithuanian dairy producers are coming

After the trade sanctions against Russia, Lithuanian dairy producers are looking at the western markets. In the last year Džiugas, a lithuanian cheese similar to  Parmigiano Reggiano, has recorded a sudden increase (20%) of sales abroad.

More investments in advertisement

The 10 main british advertisers increased the expense in traditional advertising of  19,5%, reaching 65 millions pounds.

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Powder milk: increasing production worldwide. Plants boost and China becomes a new actor

Powder milk, whole (WMP) or skimmed (SMP), can be used, if re-energised, as a liquid for food making, or can become a ingredient for several products, above all – so, not only – in the confectionery industry.
European States, all together, are one of the main component of the world production. The biggest exporter is, however, New Zealand. The production of powder milk is linked to the availability of the first material.
Recently the global production increased in the main export countries (Ue, US, NZ, Australia, Argentina, and so on) while among import countries only Russia and Japan produce less. Overall, in the world, from january to april 2014, 3,9% of milk extra has been producted, that’s why it became necessary to transform the leftover in pouder. There was only the problem of lack of plants, especially in Europe where, according to a note of Clal (platform that monitors the sector globally), between 2012 and 2013 investments aimed to realize 42 new dairy plants were already planned. Among them, 21 were dedicated to the production of powder milk: 9 in Holland, 6 in France, 2 in Danmark, Germany and Ireland. A strategy aimed to face a possible surplus, but also the increase of raw material due to the end of the quota system, announced last 31 may.

China is like a tornado on the market. Globally, according to Clal data, China buys increasingly quantity of milk and represent maybe the first importer in the world in the dairy sector. Only in 2012 has imported nearly 1.220.000 tonnes of products, the 11% of global amounts. If we only consider the whole milk powder, the quote is even bigger: 18% of global exchanges, more than 405.000 tonnes imported. Also noteworthy the percentages obtained in the first 11 months in 2013: +71% of importations of milk, 110.000 tonnes of melted milk and 140.000 tonnes of milk for children. While dairy products, between january and november 2013, recorded a increase of 37,27 %, equal to 821.000 tonnes of while milk powder, skimmed milk powder, butter and cheese. Also derived production increased: +16,12% of buttermilk (402.000 tonnes), +10.64% milk sugar for 88.000 tonnes. China rapresents a huge opportunity for dairy productors in Europe, among them, italian ones already started to move toward the Est.

 

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