“Milk and cooperation in the post milk-shares era in Europe” is the topic of an international conference, organized by Granarolo within the Expo 2015. This debate started from some significant data: in the last ten years the agroindustrial commerce recorded an increase worldwide of over 220%, from 527 to about 1.140 millions euro.
Especially the dairy products, using the 8% of global production of milk, have an impact of 6% within the agroindustrial sector. This trend is due to an increasing food demand, linked to the development of BRIC countries, which has had an impact of food consuming models. In the dairy sector, in the last ten years, global imports increased 214%. More in detail, taking into consideration a global value of 62 billions euro, 38% is related to cheeses, 28% to powder milk and 34% to milk, butter and buttermilk.
According to the forecasts of Rabobank, in 2020 the entire flux of global commerce will have a 25% increase. As long as cheeses are concerned, the European Union rapresents the first market globally, counting 17,5 kg a year pro person (only 3 kg in avarage globally). EU is followed by US, with 15,4 kg, 6,1 kg in Russia and 3,7 kg in Brasil: these values take in account the increasing imports of the last ten years: 210% in Russia and 1.374% in China. Moreover, according to OCSE-FAO data, within the next ten years the consumption of cheeses will have a 20% increase globally, a percentage which could reach 37% in developed countries. While the Rabobank analysis underline the fact that the global demand will keep increasing. In this scenario, cooperatives play an essential role. Their model characterize the milk market in many countries, especially the european countries.